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BODYING of FIBERS, YARNS AND FABRICS

BODYING of FIBERS, YARNS AND FABRICS . Post 149  -by Gautam Shah  Fibers, yarns and fabrics have poor bulk or lose the bulk during various treatments, are re-bodied by many different substances. Bodying is also possible without any substantive material application. Certain heat and water treatments shrink the materials, increasing the bulk, whereas mechanical (physical) manipulations also increase the apparent bulk. Bodying is required to control the next process. Fibers (like silk) are bulked to aid re-spinning or handling before the end stage like stitching, packing and presentation or use of the material. Bodying has strong effect on the suppleness (fall of curtains, drapes, crease lines) and tactile feel of the material. It also affects the thermal management (through heat exchange and moisture movement). For curtains-drapery fabrics the bulking governs the diffusion of view across, ‘modelling’ of the objects, diffraction of light, masking and strength. For furnishing fabrics and fl…
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CATEGORIES of OPENINGS' TREATMENTS

CATEGORIES of OPENINGS' TREATMENTS Post  148 --by Gautam Shah.
Openings’ treatments are exclusive to the purposes they serve. Such as the orientation (solar exposure, illumination, wind), usages (domestic, commercial, industrial, jails), space units (living areas, kitchens, toilets, store rooms), users (adults, children, disabled, afflicted). Openings’ treatments occur on the outside face -broadly called architectural systems or, on the inside face -largely known as interior treatments. Yet, some treatments are placed within the body of the opening and so do not belong to exterior or interior systems.

There are many exclusive classes of openings' treatments. Other categories of treatments emerge by the contrast they pose.
Architectural treatments generally occur on exterior faces, but also could be a scheme for the internal face or space. Architectural treatment over openings is one that is designed with the building and can be called the prime strategy.


Interior Design treatmen…

Changing Face of HUMAYUN TOMB Delhi India

Post 147by Gautam Shah




Changing Face of HUMAYUN TOMB Delhi India
Construction of Humayun's tomb (Delhi, India) was initiated by his first wife Bega Begum (Haji Begum) in 1569-70, close to the Dina-panah Citadel (Purana Qila -Old Fort), founded by Humayun in 1533. Besides the main tomb several smaller structures exist, some pre and other post dating the tomb building. Last Mughal king Bahadur Shah Zafar took refuge here, during Indian Rebellion of 1857. He was later captured by British and exiled to Rangoon. A 13 hectares Garden surrounding the tomb called CharBagh (four squares) was a typical Mughal style layout. It was changed several times but in complete ruins by the time Indian revolution of 1857 happened. It was replanted by British in English style " with circular beds replacing the four central water pools on the axial pathways and trees profusely planted in flowerbeds" -wikipedia. This was once again restored to 'Mughal' style between 1903–1909. The Tomb…

SHEER FABRICS

Post 146by Gautam Shah
Sheer is tactile feeling that is satisfying and delightful. It is a feeling or a state of experience. Sheer fabric is a very fine, gossamer or diaphanous material that does not occlude vision through it. It is an important quality mark for lightness of mass. The word sheer is used to emphasize a state or situation that is extreme or complete, and does not involve any mix-up with anything else (does not involve anything else).

In the 1175-1225 period or Middle English word sheer (scīr, scere, shere, schere, shire) (cognate with German schier, old Norse skīr, Gothic skeirs) was used for a clear, free, bright, thin, shiny or water like material. Some of the synonyms are: utter, complete, absolute, total, pure, perfect, downright, out-and-out, thorough, thoroughgoing, through and through, consummate, patent, surpassing, veritable, unqualified, unmitigated, unalloyed, unadulterated, unmixed. 

A Sheer fabric has three basic qualifications: It is thin or lightweight, It…

DE-WINDOWING

Post 145by Gautam Shah
Fenestra-Window and Defenestration-Dewindowing
The Latin word FENESTRA (plus the normalizing suffix -ation) stands for the WINDOW. Fenestration in modern sense is an act of opening multiple (computer) screens or windows simultaneously. The word Defenestration comes from the Latin de- (down or away from) and fenestra (window or opening). That is why computer hackers humorously refer to it as the act of removing Microsoft Windows from a computer.

Historically DEFENESTRATION has been an act of throwing someone or something out of a window. It connotes the forcible or peremptory removal of an adversary. It was often said, if you throw your adversary out of the door, chances are the person will come back with more vigour, but by de-windowing (defenestration), the action is injurious or fatal. Historically, the word defenestration referred to an act of political dissent. ‘In December 1840, Abraham Lincoln and four other Illinois legislators jumped out of a window in a p…

FUSION JOINING without using any intermediate material

Post 144 by Gautam Shah.
Fusion joining without using an intermediate material, are used to join mainly metals and thermoplastics. Fusion joining is a common term used for many different types of welding processes. The welding processes rely on high temperatures that change the phase of materials to be joined aided by pressure (or impact). For phase change, the materials to be joined should have same softening-melting temperature and nearly similar composition.

Fusion joining as a category may include many other nearly similar processes, but which involve an intermediate to form the joint. There are three categories of such fusion joining systems, Soldering and Brazing,where the work pieces are not melted, yet joined using a meltable filler material, Weldingthe work pieces, and in some instances, the filler material, both are melted, and Chemical fusing or solvent welding (which are actually forms of adhesion fixing), where plastics are joined by solvents to dissolve (soften) the surfa…